Kumara Pokuna

Kumara Pokuna (The Royal Baths), is designed in an unusual geometric shape (a square superimposed on a cross) and fed by two spouts carved with eroded makaras. Next to here stands the impressive two-tiered base of what was presumably some kind of royal bathhouse; each tier is decorated with lions, and there's a good moonstone on the upper level.

Background

1) Built. Under ruler Parakramabahu I (1153-1186). Kumara Pokuna functioned as the royal bath.
2) Location. Just outside of the citadel’s walls, down a flight of stairs on the east side.

 

Layout

1) Cruciform plan. Situated in alignment with the steep stairs that descend from the citadel’s enclosure wall, the pool has a stepped cruciform plan with an internal stairway on the west
side that offers entry ( 7.8o and ).
2) Makara heads. Flanking the stairs, heads of makaras — symbolic of water’s life-giving pow‑
ers — deliver water to the pool from a nearby canal via underground conduits ().
3) Lotus stand. The lotus-shaped stand at the center of the pool might have served as a resting spot for bathers.
4) Pavilion. The pavilion south of the pool might have functioned as a changing room.

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