For well over a thousand years the history of Sri Lanka, was essentially the history of Anuradhapura. Situated almost at the center of the island’s northern plains, the city rose to prominence very early in the development of the island, and maintained its pre-eminent position for over a millennium until being laid waste y Indian invaders in 993. At its height Anuradhapura was one of the greatest cities of its age, functioning as the island’s center of both temporal and spiritual power, dotted woth dozens of monasteries populated by as many as ten thousand monks – one of the greatest monastic cities the world has ever seen. The kings of Anuradhapura oversaw the golden age of Singhalese culture, and the temples of the enormous dagobas they erected were amongst the greatest architectural feats of their time, surpassed only in the scale by the great pyramids of Giza. Anuradhapura also lay at the heart of the great Sinhalese hydraulic achievements, with vast reservoirs (tanks) constructed around the city to store water through the long dry seasons and irrigate the surrounding paddy fields. The city’s fame spread to Greece and Rome, and judging by the number of roman coins found here, appears to have enjoyed a lively trade with the latter.
Anuradhapura remains a magical place. The sheer scale of the ruined ancient city – and the thousand-plus years of history buried here – is overwhelming, and you could spend days of even weeks here ferretting around amongst the ruins. The sacred city of Anuradhapura, now in picturesque ruins was once a major center of the Sri Lankan civilization. The fascinating ancient ruins include the huge bell-shaped stupas built of small sun-dried bricks, temples, sculptures, palaces and ancient drinking-water reservoirs.
Planning a Trip
There are three categories in the ruins that the city was home to. Ancient buildings: dagabas (bell shaped masonry that look like stupas and some of them consisted of ample masonry to build towns for 25,000 people), monastic buildings (these are stone platforms, pillars and remains of archaic foundations. King Dutugamunu built the famous Brazen Palace in around 164 BC) …
History & Culture
Although people may have lived in this area since as early as the 10th century BC, Anuradhapura became a great city after the arrival of a cutting from the Bodhi Tree (‘tree of enlightenment’), the Buddha’s fig tree, in the 3rd century BC. The sacred branch was brought to Sri Lanka by Sanghamitta, the founder of an order of Buddhist …